Hanauma Bay: A Favorite Hawaiian Beach for Snorkeling!

Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii

7455 Kalanianaole Highway

Honolulu, HI 96825
Wednesday to Monday
April to September: 6am - 7pm
October to March: 6am - 6pm

Adult (age 13 and older): $7.50
Children (age 12 and younger): Free
Hawaii Resident: Free
Parking: $1

Fish-Eye View of a Fish Eye at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

I used to go to Hanauma Bay Hawaii or the adjacent “Toilet Bowl” at least monthly; and I have many fond memories of my adventures there.  Thus, I was more than a little disenchanted when the City and County of Honolulu started charging admission to this Oahu beach; and I was further let down when they closed the Toilet Bowl.  As a result, I boycotted this Hawaii attraction for several years – until my children started to express an interest in snorkeling.  Then it seemed only natural that I should take them to the very same place where I had formed so many great memories…

Me and the Kids at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Well, I was horribly disappointed by all the so-called “improvements” that have been afflicted upon this natural wonder and everybody who wants to enjoy it.  But my kids loved their first snorkeling experience.  And my wife (who prefers man-made, controlled environments) also had nothing bad to say.  So, I’ve decided to discuss all the good points and interesting aspects first.  Then, if you’re still with me at the end, you can read my rant…

By the way… if you’ll be needing a ride out there from Waikiki and you plan to rent snorkeling gear, you might want to consider consolidating your expenses and getting some extra value in the process with a Go Oahu Card: Shop now and save up to 55% off Oahu's top tours and attractions! Link opens a new window/tab.

Background information about Hanauma Bay:

View of Hanauma Bay from Koko Crater

The Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve is actually a dormant volcano crater (one of three Koko Head craters), which collapsed into the ocean on one side and, thus, flooded to become a bay.  It’s also the first marine life conservation district in the state of Hawaii.  When I first started enjoying this Hawaii beach in the early 1980’s, it felt like a nature preserve...

The parking lot was an unpaved patch of dirt.  The beach was rough and rocky.  And the water was absolutely packed with sea life!


They say that visitor traffic to Hanauma Bay has decreased by two-thirds.  I didn’t get any sense of that based on the crowds when I went…

Then in the 1990’s the city and county started making numerous “improvements” (on land and in the water).  This activity was marketed as a concerted effort to reduce the environmental impact caused by an average of three million annual visitors.  The stated intention was to limit the number of guests and promote a better understanding of the marine ecosystem.  I am unable to confirm whether the politicians were actually motivated by the ecosystem or by economics…

A Typical Crowd of Snorkelers at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Hanauma Bay used to be free for everybody all the time, but now it’s only free for some – namely: kamaaina (local residents), active duty military, and children ages 12 and under.  I have mixed feelings about this because Hawaii state law mandates free access to all beaches; but by defining the bay as a nature preserve, it ceases to be a beach.  Tricky!  On the other hand, when I went to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, I didn't mind paying a reef visitor tax to help fund their conservation efforts.  In fact, I thought it was a clever idea.  So, here’s some of what your money pays for…

Now there’s a gloriously manicured parking lot (complete with a toll booth and $1 parking fee).  There’s an award-winning marine education center.  There’s a snack bar.  There’s a gift shop.  The beach is covered wall to wall in tons of smooth, white sand (which I assume was brought in to cover the rocks); and it feels like a theme park!  Mission accomplished?

The good:

School of goat fish (Weke) and one Christmas wrasse at Hanauma Bay Hawaii.

If you’ve never gone snorkeling before, Hanauma Bay could be the adventure of a lifetime.  You can bring your own snorkeling gear, or you can rent theirs (sorry, I didn’t think to check the prices because I brought my own gear).  I’ve read in a magazine (maybe Scuba Diving) that this beach was named one of the best shore diving locations in the world (and one of the three best on Oahu).

Just in case you're interested... all the underwater shots on this page were taken with my ContourROAM Waterproof HD 1080P Hands-free HD Camcorder Watersport Kit, which I really like (link opens a new window/tab). The image quality I get for that price is worth every penny! It might be a worthwhile investment for your Hawaii vacation.

First Snorkel at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Inside the reef, the water is sheltered and calm most of the time.  The sandy beach and seafloor is so luxurious and beautiful that you don’t need any reef-walking shoes.  Furthermore, the whole facility is designed for beginners.  If you have no snorkeling experience, this is an excellent place to learn.

As for what was achieved with all the improvements...

Public Educational Presentation at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Commercial tour activity was significantly restricted and reduced.  The nature preserve has expanded its role as an educational resource by hosting field trips for school children, constructing an education center and kiosk on the beach, and by showing an orientation video to all visitors.  Waste removal (sewage from bathrooms and trash in cans) has improved dramatically.  And the facility hosts public educational lectures and presentations.  Best of all, it is reported that the ecosystem of the bay has been restored.

Fish on the Reef at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Beyond that, you’ll just have to look at my pictures.  I think I managed to get some fairly beautiful pictures; and they can speak for themselves (because I don’t think I can say any more without sounding snarky).

The bad and the ugly:

Fish in Murky Water at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

I really wanted to be able to tell you how wonderful it was to go back to the bay after so many years.  The “improvements” were visually appealing; and I was so hopeful that the overall thrill of the experience would far outweigh my misgivings.  But no.  I’ll probably never go back to Hanauma Bay ever again (at least not by my choice); and I would never pay money for this experience.  If you used to go to go here back before everything changed, it’s possible you’ll suffer some of the same shock.

First of all, I should probably warn you that my negative opinion of the entire experience was perhaps unfairly tainted by the fact that, for the first time in my life, I had to wait in line for an hour and twenty minutes just to get to the beach!  I’ve never waited in line to go to the beach, so that just seems excessive to me.  We went on a Monday and arrived at 8:20am.  Even that early on a workday, we were the second to the last car allowed in before the parking lot closed due to being completely full.


The parking lot re-opens throughout the day (at the discretion of the toll booth operator) as people leave and stalls open.

Then we waited approximately 30-minutes in the admission line just to get our tickets.  Then we waited another 30-ish minutes just to get into the required pre-admittance orientation video.  Then we endured 15-minutes of having the rules sung at us – yes… the fish (supposedly) were singing the rules.  And then it was the usual five-minute walk down to the beach.  Arrival time: 9:40am.  I was rather upset about the experience to that point, so it might have made me more critical of everything that followed…

Barricades Prevent Access to the Toilet Bowl at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

One of my favorite Hawaii adventure activities throughout high school and college was goofing around at the “Toilet Bowl” (a natural rock formation around the side of the bay that basically flushes seawater in and out by wave action).  I was totally hoping to go there during my trip to Hanauma Bay; and I was further disappointed to discover that it is still closed.  So I asked the staff at the visitor center if the Toilet Bowl is permanently closed.  The response… “I wouldn’t say permanently.  It closed 10 years ago due to falling rocks.”  How that answers my question I’ll never know.  As best as I can figure it, he meant that it could re-open when there are no more overhead rocks.  So come back in one million to a hundred million years, and I’ll tell you all about it!

Snorkeler (maybe my son, but I can't tell) 1-2 meters away in murky water at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Thirty years ago, this was not a very sandy beach.  It was rocky – especially in the water.  But now, the beach and the seafloor between reefs are covered with a thick layer of beautiful white sand.  Normally, this would be great; but for everybody who wants to snorkel at Hanauma Bay (probably 90 percent of those present) it means they are constantly kicking up clouds of silt.  As a result, in some places, the water is so murky that it’s nearly impossible to see for more than a meter or two!

Fewer fish and murky water at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Also, you are no longer allowed to feed the fish.  I never used to do this; and I agree that this is a good policy change.  But I also noticed that the (perhaps unintended) result is a decrease in the amount of fish swimming around in the shallows.  Thirty years ago, you would have been surrounded on all sides by fish of every size and color.  Now, the fish population is no more exceptional than any other reef at any other beach on Oahu.  I guess that’s what they mean by balancing the ecosystem.

Goat fish at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

And even though the orientation video shows sea turtles and octopi and other exciting sea life, I’m fairly certain that seeing those is more the exception than the rule these days.  Combined with the fact that the visibility is actually worse than it used to be, I can’t say there’s any reason to think of Hanauma Bay as a snorkeler’s paradise.

There are places, however, where I can virtually guarantee that you will see green sea turtles.  And there are many other excellent snorkeling spots around the island of Oahu.  Best of all, I’m not aware of any other beach in Hawaii that has its own gift shop!

Surgeon fish (Palani) in murky water at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Final thoughts relating to Hanauma Bay:

If you’ve never been somewhere (or some when) better, you’ll probably still find the experience to be amazing.  My dissatisfaction stems primarily from an unfavorable comparison to my prior experiences.  You may not have any such baggage to lug around.  Thus, you could enjoy this nature preserve for what it presently is.  Furthermore, most other beaches don’t rent snorkeling gear, so that could be a major advantage to consider when choosing whether you'll visit Hanauma Bay.

School of convict tangs through murky water outside the reef at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Warning: I swam out beyond the reef hoping to find clearer water.  Because it was somewhat choppy that day, the visibility was equally bad, and the current was so strong I could barely swim against it (with swim fins).  The current was rapidly pushing me straight out to sea; and for a brief time, I thought I wasn’t going to be able to get back to the beach.  Unless you’re a strong and experienced ocean swimmer, I urge you stay inside the reef.

Disclaimer: You can’t get hurt here if you decide that it sounds lame and go somewhere else.  But seriously… use your brain and take responsibility for your own safety.  Know the limits of your ability and stay within them.  Watch your kids like a hawk.  Heed posted warning signs and lifeguards.  Never turn your back to the waves.  Use your sunscreen.  Don’t feed the fish.  Stay off the reef; and have fun.  It’s your Hawaii vacation, so enjoy it wisely!

Tropical fish at Hanauma Bay Hawaii

Finally, you are welcome to disagree with me about the current condition of Hanauma Bay.  Like I said above… I really wanted to write a glowing review.  So if you had a great experience, post it in a comment below.  People will love you for it.  On the other hand, if you had a worse experience than me, people will probably appreciate it hearing about that too.

As for me… I’ll be at Sharks Cove (or any one of a dozen other Hawaii beaches).

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